Your black bin is for anything that can’t be recycled. You will need to recycle as much as possible to reduce the amount of waste in your bin.
Some waste is sent New Earth Solutions which is a mechanical biological treatment plant.
They separate the materials and turn it into a compost-like material which is used in land restoration.
They also create a refuse-derived fuel which is used to generate renewable energy. This process is known as energy recovery.
Burial of the waste with daily, intermediate and final covers only began in the 1940s.
In the past, refuse was simply left in piles or thrown into pits